ZULFAQAR JDMSSH

Journal of Defence Management, Social Science & Humanities

CHARACTER EDUCATION OF TNI IN THE FRAME OF MODERNIZATION

Arifuddin Uksan 

 

Abstract 

This study discusses the need for TNI to progressively empower character education to face the challenges of globalisation. This suggestion is based on the current need to improve TNI soldiers’ behaviour and mental condition. Gaining data through interviews, observation, and documentation, it has been determined that there is a need to enhance TNI character education as it significantly affects the formation of soldiers' mindsets, attitudes, and behaviour. In addition, differences were also found in TNI character education, namely in the aspects of the organisation’s resources, curriculum, methods, and facilities. The findings also suggest the value of religious education in transforming the character education of the TNI. 

 

ASSESSING THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF TRAINING MOTIVATION BETWEEN TRAINING DESIGN AND JOB PERFORMANCE

Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol, Norlaila Mazura Hj. Mohaiyadin, Azman Ismail, Jessica Ong Hai Liaw 

 

Abstract

Reviews on the training management literature have emphasised that the training design consists of three essential elements: (1) training content; (2) instructors’ roles; and (3) superiors’ support, which may lead to a high impact on job performance of employees. However, a thorough investigation showed that the relationship between those elements was mediated by training motivation. Therefore, this study aims to confirm the effect of training motivation in military organisations. The measurement was using 412 samples in the Malaysian Army Infantry Corps. Testing the hypotheses using SmartPLS version 3.2.5 revealed these exciting findings: training motivation does act as an important mediating variable between course content, instructors’ roles and superior support in the relationship with job performance in organisational samples. Further, the discussion, implications and conclusion are elaborated. 

 

KEPIMPINAN KETENTERAAN MALAYSIA: SEJARAH, NILAI DAN PRINSIP

MALAYSIAN MILITARY LEADERSHIP: HISTORY, VALUES AND PRINCIPLES

Burhanuddin Jalal, Mohd Kenali Basiron, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Amnah Saayah Ismail

 

Abstrak

Organisasi ketenteraan merupakan salah satu organisasi tertua di dunia dan ia mempunyai struktur kepimpinan yang tersendiri serta telah mempengaruhi corak serta gaya kepimpinan organisasi sosial yang lain. Artikel ini membincangkan aspek kepimpinan ketenteraan dari sudut sejarah, nilai dan prinsip yang membentuk kepimpinan berwibawa. Kajian perpustakaan, penelitian dokumentasi serta pemerhatian telah digunakan bagi memperoleh dan menganalisis data. Secara umumnya terdapat ciri-ciri keunikan tersendiri dalam kepimpinan ketenteraan dipelbagai negara dan juga di Malaysia. Kepimpinan ketenteraan di Malaysia telah memberikan kesan yang positif terhadap kepimpinan negara hasil hubungan tentera dan perkhidmatan awan atau disebut sebagai ‘civil military relations’ dan juga pelaksanaan aktiviti ketenteraan selain dari perang yang telah membantu memberikan kejayaan dalam pentadbiran kerajaan Malaysia.

 

Abstract

The military organisation is one of the oldest organisations in the world, and it has its leadership structure and has influenced the leadership patterns and styles of other social organisations. This article discusses aspects of military leadership in terms of history, values and principles that make up authoritative leadership. Library research, documentation research and observations were used to obtain and analyse the data. There are unique characteristics of military leadership in various countries and Malaysia. The military leadership in Malaysia has positively impacted the country's administration because of military relations and cloud services, referred to as ‘civil-military relations, ' and the implementation of military activities other than war that have helped succeed in the administration of the Malaysian government. 

 

PENYELUDUPAN DADAH DARI KAWASAN SEGI TIGA EMAS THAILAND SERTA KESAN TERHADAP KESELAMATAN EKONOMI MALAYSIA

DRUG SMUGGLING FROM THAILAND'S GOLDEN TRIANGLE AND ITS IMPACT ON MALAYSIA'S ECONOMIC SECURITY

Amer Fawwaz Mohamad Yasid

 

Abstrak

Kegiatan penyeludupan dadah merupakan jenayah popular kerana berupaya untuk menjana pendapatan kewangan lumayan kepada sindiket penyeludupan dadah sama ada diperingkat antarabangsa mahupun tempatan. Kemasukan dadah ke Tanah Melayu bermula sejak awal kurun ke-18 oleh imigran Cina. Walaubagaimanapun, kemasukan dadah dari luar negara secara haram semakin kritikal selepas tamat Perang Dunia Kedua menyebabkan Kerajaan British mengharamkan penggunaan dadah di Tanah Melayu secara menyeluruh pada tahun 1952. Kewujudan kawasan Segi Tiga Emas Thailand awal tahun 1960-an sebagai kawasan pengeluaran utama heroin dunia telah menjadikan Malaysia terdedah kepada kegiatan penyeludupan dadah dari luar negara. Objektif kajian ini adalah mengenalpasti bagaimana kemasukan dadah ke dalam negara hingga mewujudkan ancaman terhadap keselamatan ekonomi negara Malaysia. Kajian ini telah menggunakan kaedah kualitatif berdasarkan sumber primer dan sumber sekunder. Sumber primer telah diperolehi daripada proses temubual bersama informan manakala sumber sekunder diperolehi daripada buku ilmiah, artikel jurnal serta tesis akademik. Konsep Keselamatan Ekonomi telah digunapakai bagi menerangkan fenomena yang dikaji. Dapatan kajian telah menerangkan kesan yang terhasil daripada kegiatan penyeludupan dadah dari kawasan Segi Tiga Emas Thailand terhadap keselamatan ekonomi negara Malaysia.

 

Abstract

Drug trafficking is a widespread crime as it is a lucrative business among organisations at the local or international level. The introduction of Opium in Malay Peninsular during the eighteenth century by the Chinese immigrants was the beginning of drug abuse problems in the region. Nevertheless, the illegal drug smuggling activities were actively occurring by the end of World War Two, making the British Government in Malaya ban the public usage of drugs by implementing the Drug Ordinance in 1952. In the Golden Triangle region located in the mountainous areas of Thailand, Myanmar, and Laos in the early 1960s increased trafficking activities in Malaysia hence becoming a real threat to Malaysia’s national security. This research aims to identify the entry of drugs from abroad and determine how much activity threatens nathreatensy.  This qualitative research utilised primary and secondary data from interviews with informants and data retrieved from books, article journals and academic thesis. The Economic Security Concept has been used in elaborating the research phenomena. The research findings have further explained the impact of drug smuggling activities from Thailand’s Golden Triangle on Malaysia’s economic security. 

 

FACTOR INFLUENCING THE MARKETABILITY OF GRADUATE: A CASE STUDY IN ISLAMIC SCIENCE UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA (USIM)

Rogis Baker, Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi, Mohd Zaini Salleh, Nur Fatinah Husna Mohamad Puzi, Yusma Sharieza Izzati Rozali, Jessica Ong Hai Liaw, Mohd Hamran Mohamad

 

Abstract

Today, graduate marketability is deteriorating. Some graduates from universities in the public sector can still not enter the employment market. This study was thus carried out on the elements which affect the marketability of graduates in Malaysia at the public university. Three hundred eighty graduate students from a public university were the participants in the research. The quantitative approach was applied in this study, descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The data gathered from the questionnaire are the medium for blasting over the Google Form platform. This study analysed data using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) Version 26. The analysis utilised included the descriptive analysis and Pearson correlation. The results have shown that the marketability of graduates has a tangible link to their personality and skills. Meanwhile, numerous regression analyses demonstrate that public university graduates' personalities, skills, and academics impact marketability. This research indicates that three key characteristics, personality, skills and academics, affect the marketability of graduate students. To prepare for job marketing, the graduate must be aware of the three variables highlighted in this research 

 

THE ROLE OF COACHES IN THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING FOR PALAPES CADETS OFFICER AT THE NATIONAL DEFENCE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA (NDUM)

Norfazira Azman, Amnah Saayah Ismail, Nor Nazimi Mohd Mustaffa, Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol, Zahimi Zainol Abidin

 

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the role of coaches in the effectiveness of training. An in-depth review of the literature found some of the problems faced by the coaches were (1) training methods that attracted attention, (2) communication skills of the coaches, and (3) the attitude shown by the coaches can influence the personalities of the officer cadets. In this study, 278 questionnaires have been tested as an actual survey involving all three-level intakes of PALAPES UPNM using the analysis path of SmartPLS version 3.3.3 to test the direct effect and mediating model. The outcome of hypotheses testing showed that the element for the role of coaches is significantly correlated with training effectiveness and proves that it can predict the training force substantially. Analysis of the mediating model confirmed that training motivation partially mediates the relationship between training method, communication, and attitude with training effectiveness among Officer Cadets PALAPES UPNM. In conclusion, the role of coaches can influence the training motivation of the Officer Cadets and lead to training effectiveness. 

 

ANALISIS PENDEKATAN KEUTUHAN HUBUNGAN AWAM-TENTERA (SCMR) MELALUI DASAR PERTAHANAN MENYELURUH (HANRUH) DALAM MENJAMIN KEAMANAN DI MALAYSIA

ANALYSIS OF THE STRONG CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS (SCMR) APPROACH THROUGH TOTAL DEFENCE POLICY (HANRUH) TO ENSURE PEACE IN MALAYSIA 

Mohd Kamarul Amree Mohd Sarkam, Mohamad Zaidi Abdul Rahman

 

Abstrak

Malaysia merupakan sebuah negara yang mempunyai keutuhan hubungan awam-tentera (strong civil-military relationship SCMR) pada tahap yang memberangsangkan. Segala polisi dan dasar berkaitan pertahanan negara melalui SCMR dilihat amat mesra dengan komposisi masyarakat berbilang kaum yang wujud di Malaysia. Maka, kewujudan konsep Pertahanan Menyeluruh (HANRUH) merupakan salah satu manifestasi gerak kerja SCMR untuk menggalakkan rakyat Malaysia bersama-sama berganding bahu mempertahankan kedaulatan negara. Namun, konsep HANRUH tersebut kurang mendapat perhatian dalam kalangan rakyat disebabkan lemah daripada sudut hebahan dan promosi yang menimbulkan persoalan sejauh manakah SCMR di Malaysia dianggap utuh tanpa melibatkan rakyat dalam perlaksanaannya? Objektif kajian adalah untuk membincangkan konsep SCMR dan HANRUH secara umum dan pendekatan SCMR dalam menggalakkan penglibatan rakyat terhadap HANRUH. Data kajian diperolehi menerusi kaedah kepustakaan yang melibatkan penganalisaan sumber-sumber seperti buku, jurnal, majalah ilmiah, tesis, laman sesawang dan temu bual responden. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa SCMR merupakan faktor penting di dalam memastikan keamanan dan kestabilan negara di samping juga dapat memberi implikasi bersifat galakan terhadap penglibatan rakyat di dalam sistem pertahanan negara khususnya melalui pelaksanaan konsep HANRUH. 

 

Abstract

Malaysia has a solid civil-military relationship (SCMR) with an encouraging level of cooperation. All national defence plans and policies implemented through SCMR appear to be quite accommodating to the multi-racial society that exists in Malaysia. The concept of Total Defence (HANRUH) is one of SCMR's efforts to encourage Malaysians to work together to defend the country's sovereignty. However, due to a lack of awareness and promotion, the concept of HANRUH has garnered less attention among the public, raising the question of how intact the SCMR is in Malaysia without integrating the citizens in its implementation. The study's objective is to explain the general ideas of SCMR and HANRUH and the SCMR strategy to foster citizens’ participation in HANRUH. Research data is obtained from the library method that involves the analysis of sources such as books, journals, scientific magazines, theses, websites aninterviewsew of respondents. This study indicates that SCMR is essential in maintaining the country's peace and stability and has positive implications for citizens’ participation in the national defence system, notably through the implementation of HANRUH. 

 

THE ABANDONMENT DEFENCE TO CRIMINAL ATTEMPTS IN MALAYSIAN CRIMINAL LAW

Khairul Nizam Taib, Mazura Md Saman, Jamal Rodzi Dahari, Salma Yusof

  

Abstract

This article addresses the issue of the accused's abandonment of an attempt as an act of voluntary relinquishment with the intention of never again resuming the crime. The study is a purely conceptual one that prolongs the discussion within the ambit of moral and legal philosophy to address the rationality of abandonment as effective mitigation considering the accused's moral intuition, prospective reasons, and motive. It endeavours to expand views on motive based on the "Renunciation of Criminal Purpose" principle outlined by the "Model Penal Code". The article is intended to offer new perspectives on both decision and sanction by exploring the question of moral and legal philosophical discretion concerning the abandonment of criminal attempts. It concludes that the essence of abandonment is a legal, philosophical problem that objective parameters cannot simplify. 

 

 

e-ISSN: 2773-529X 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 AWAITING REVISED ARTICLE

 

The Future Growth for Malaysian Manufacturing Industry an Application of Input – Output Chain Analysis

 

Royal Malaysian Navy’s Operational Issues, Limitation and Challenges in Safeguarding Malaysia’s Maritime Domain and Resources

 

Cyberbully in Social Media Among Students at National Defence University of Malaysia

 

Military Training to Maintain Readiness During Covid -19 Pandemic

 

Theories and Practices of Contemporary Security Perspectives: Dealing with New Threats and Challenges to Strengthen the KESBAN Doctrine and Securing the State

 

Factors to Increase the Level of Al-Quran Reading Ability of Malaysian Armed Forces Using Quick Quran Reading Module

 

Talent management-employees’ performance nexus. Empirical findings in selected commercial bank in Klang Valley

 

The Relationship Between Student Involvement with Sports Activities and Academic Achievement with Body Mass Index: Case Study in IPG Kampus Perempuan Melayu Melaka

   

Communications in Political Campaign 

 

 

IN REVIEW

 

Youth Volunteering for Disaster Preparedness in Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

 

FORMATTING

Kajian Kes Cabaran Pasca Pensijilan Iso 9000 Dalam Kerajaan Tempatan Di Malaysia

 

 

 

 

HUBUNGAN KECERDASAN EMOSI DENGAN TEKANAN KERJA DAN KEPUASAN KERJA DALAM KALANGAN ANGGOTA TENTERA DARAT MALAYSIA

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE WITH JOB STRESS AND JOB SATISFACTION AMONG MALAYSIAN ARMY MEMBERS

Mohd Juraimy Kadir, Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol

 

Abstrak

Tujuan utama kajian ini adalah untuk mengukur hubungan antara kecerdasan emosi dengan tekanan kerja dan kepuasan kerja dalam kalangan anggota Tentera Darat Malaysia (TDM). Kecerdasan emosi, yang mempunyai empat dimensi: memahami emosi, emosi emosi diri, kesedaran sosial, dan kemahiran sosial, merupakan pembolehubah bebas dalam kajian ini. Pada masa yang sama, pembolehubah bersandar ialah tekanan kerja dan kepuasan kerja di kalangan ahli TDM. Tinjauan adalah kuantitatif, dengan 479 responden memberikan respons lengkap. Bagi meneliti analisis faktor dan ujian hipotesis, data dianalisis menggunakan Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS) versi 21.0 dan seterusnya Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) versi 3.0. Dapatan kajian mendedahkan bahawa kecerdasan emosi mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan kepuasan kerja tetapi tidak dengan tekanan kerja. 

 

Abstract 

The primary purpose of this study was to measure the relationship between emotional intelligence with job stress and job satisfaction among personnel of the Malaysian Army (TDM). Emotional intelligence, which has four dimensions: understanding emotions, self-emotional emotions, social awareness, and social skills, is the independent variable in this study. At the same time, the dependent variables are work stress and job satisfaction among TDM members. The survey was quantitative, with 479 respondents providing complete responses. To examine the factor analysis and hypothesis testing, the data were analysed using Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS) version 21.0 and subsequently the Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) version 3.0. The study's findings revealed that emotional intelligence has a significant relationship with job satisfaction but not with work stress. 

 

 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TASK AND CONTEXTUAL JOB PERFORMANCE AMONG MIDDLE MANAGERS IN THE MALAYSIAN ARMY

S.Inderji, Haslinda Abdullah, Safar Yaacob, Zamri Ismail, Kwong Fook Wen, Jessica Ong Hai Liaw

 

Abstract

The research was conducted to determine the different aspects of job performance among Senior Non-Commissioned Officers (SNCO), often mentioned as middle managers in the Malaysian Army. This study has identified that the job performance of the SNCOs in the combat element corps consists of task and contextual job performance. The quantitative approach was implemented, and the data consisting of 458 respondents were collected from soldiers of the rank of corporal and below, i.e. JNCOs from the combat element corps of the Malaysian Army in all geographic locations of Malaysia. The data analysis used was PLS-SEM to determine the acceptability of the data obtained with the hypothesised model of job performance. The R2 value of 0.852 indicates that 85.2 % of job performance is predicted by task and contextual performance constructs. The results also support the hypothesis that task performance and contextual performance have a significant positive relationship with job performance among the SNCOs. This study established that both task and contextual job performance are of equal importance in determining the job performance of middle managers of the combat element of the Malaysian Army. Nevertheless, task performance is more significant compared to contextual performance. 

 

 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WELFARE AND MORALE OF INFANTRY PERSONNEL WITH DISASTER RESPONSE MANAGEMENT

Nur Hidayah Roslan, Haslinda Abdullah, Rosmah Mohamed

 

Abstract

The disaster always affects a person, financial, economic, trust issues, leadership and much more. It takes a lot of hard work and high intensity in managing the disaster. Infantry personnel are movers in managing the disaster in Malaysia that provide response and conduct search and rescue. Welfare and morale are elements that contribute to disaster response management. This study's objectives include determining the relationship between infantry personnel’s welfare and morale with effective disaster response management. An exploratory and descriptive approach is used to conduct interviews with the infantry personnel in Sarawak. All the data were transcribed and categorised into themes. The findings showed that infantry personnel have high morale and are satisfied with the military's welfare towards themselves and their families. The implication and contribution of this study are to understand the importance of welfare and morale towards disaster response management. Providing fair welfare that includes the safety of the subordinates and their families, working schedule, and medical and counselling is essential to increase the morale of the infantry personnel. Infantry personnel must cooperate to manage the disaster, leading to successful disaster response and management. 

 

 

CHINA’S HYBRID WARFARE IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA

Sarang Joshi, S. Inderjit 

 

Abstract

With the advent of nuclear weapons and increased international impetus on human rights, the likelihood of a full-blown war between actors seems less likely. Therefore, it is apparent that concepts of war would again transform to suit a more acceptable form – Hybrid Warfare. The paradigm of Hybrid Warfare aims to exploit various domains traditionally not associated with war synergistically. The acts undertaken in these domains are calculated to be below a certain threshold and offer plausible deniability, which, therefore, cannot be classified as outright acts of war. Furthermore, these acts are exploited in a ‘Grey Zone’ – where delimitations between war and peace are not earmarked or clear. The disputed region of the South China Sea, wherein territorial and maritime disputes exist among several claimants, forms an ideal Grey Zone. Dominion over this region would address China's military, Economic, Energy and Food Security needs. Thus, in an effort towards dominating the South China Sea, China has been employing numerous means such as Diplomatic Manoeuvres, Economic Intimidation, Military Force and Miscellaneous Subversions. When analysed in unison, these acts undoubtedly reveal a Hybrid Warfare character.   

 

 

PEMBENTUKAN GENERASI AL-FATEH BERTERASKAN AL-QURAN DAN AL-SUNNAH

FORMATION OF AL-FATEH GENERATION BASED ON AL-QURAN AND AL-SUNNAH

Muhamad Izzat Farhan bin Mohd Poad,Amnah Saayah binti Ismail 

 

Abstrak

Generasi muda adalah pengganti kepemimpinan masa kini. Kebangkitan dan kejatuhan sebuah negara adalah bergantung kepada keperibadian, pengetahuan, dan kemampuan kepemimpinan mereka. Penulisan ini akan membincangkan bagaimana pemimpin boleh dibentuk berdasarkan al-Quran dan al-Sunnah dan menjadikan Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh sebagai contoh. Kedudukan Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh sebagai penguasa muda dengan standard moral yang tinggi, sentiasa mahu mahu menambah pengetahuan dan usaha yang berterusan untuk mengasah kemahirannya harus menjadi inspirasi bagi pemuda masa kini. Dengan menggunakan metodologi analisis kandungan, kajian ini mendapati bahawa banyak panduan sudah digariskan dalam Al-Quran dan Sunnah yang dapat digunakan dalam membentuk pemimpin masa kini. Pada masa yang sama, keperibadian Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh juga dapat dijadikan model untuk melengkapkan lagi proses yang diperlukan dalam membentuk generasi di bawah bimbingan Al-Quran dan Sunnah.

 

Abstract

The younger generation is the successor of today's leadership. The rise and fall of a nation are underpinned by their personality, knowledge, and leadership capabilities. This writing will then discuss how leaders are formed based on al-Quran and al-Sunnah and make Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh an example. The stature of Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh as a young ruler with high moral standards, his hunger for knowledge and his never-ending effort to sharpen his skills should be the inspiration for today's youth. Using content analysis methodology, the study found that many guidelines are already outlined in the Quran and Sunnah that could be utilised in shaping today's leaders. At the same time, the personality of Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh can be used as a model to complement further the processes required in shaping the generation under the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah. 

 

 

THE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOR ACCORDING TO AL-GHAZALI, MICHAEL ARGYLE AND FEIERMAN

Nor Nazimi Mohd Mustaffa, Aminuddin Basir, Jaffary Awang, Jessica Ong Hai Liaw, Amnah Saayah Ismail

 

Abstract

Psychologists have conducted empirical studies and observations to explain the development of religious behavior. Psychologists in this field such as Micheal Argyle, Feierman and Ghazali have certainly give their own theories and views in explaining the stages of development of religious behavior. This has certainly been found in many of their books. However, it would be useful to conduct an analysis to find out the views of these religious psychologists and thus be able to conclude about the development stages of religious behavior. Therefore, the objectives of this paper analyzes Argyle, Feierman and Ghazali books which is discusses the question of religious behavior. This study uses qualitative methods through document analysis approach to the work of Religious Behavior from Argyle, Biology of Religious Behavior from Feierman and Ihya Ulum Al-Din from Ghazali. The discussions of all these religious psychologists were analyzed thematically to answer the objectives of the study. The results show that the level of development of religious behavior discussed by Argyle and Feierman is through the stage of development of age from childhood stage to adult’s stage. Meanwhile, for Ghazali, he explained that the development stage of religious behavior is through the strength development of soul. The importance of this study is to find out how and why religious behavior is performed by humans. 

 

 

INFLUENCE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (HRM) PRACTICES ON SERVICE QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY AT FOOD BASED DOWNSTREAM INDUSTRY

Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Intan Balkish Abdul Rahman, Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Rogis Baker, Nik Ismail Rashed Che Ali 

 

Abstract

Lack of emphasis on the service quality performed by the organizational employees that involves in food based downstream activity leads to negative implications in product and customer perspectives. Therefore, the organization will not be able to maintain its competitiveness in running the business. Determination of the strategic factors that would promote service quality among the employees in the organization is very crucial. This research aims to examine the impact of Human Resource Management (HRM) practices on service quality among employees in food based downstream industry. Investigating HRM practices in this study are based on the dimensions namely recruitment and selection, training and development and performance appraisal. Questionnaires were adapted from previous empirical research instruments and data were analyzed using the "Statistical Package for Social Science" (SPSS) version 26.0. This study involved a total of 162 employees from the industry as respondents. The results of the correlation and regression analyses revealed that recruitment and selection, training and development and performance appraisal had a positive relationship and significant effect on service quality respectively. In addition, the result of this study showed that the most dominant determinant factor of human resource management practices on service quality was training and development. The results of this study were seen to be able to contribute within the scope of knowledge in managing HRM practices and the importance of the impact of HRM practices on the quality of services in an organization. 

 

 

CARING VALUES AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE TO SHARIAH-BASED QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (MS 1900) IMPLEMENTATION AMONG MALAYSIA’S UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEES

Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Burhanuddin Jalal, Azmi Ahmad, Siti Arni Basir, Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi, Norashikin Sahol Hamid

 

Abstract

This study examines employee’s perceptions at a Private University in Malaysia on applying employee caring values in compliance with the Shariah-Based Quality Management System (MS 1900). In this study, 297 respondents were involved, encompassing two primary campuses in Putrajaya and Pahang employing quantitative methods. This study’s data collection is through a survey study with questionnaires distribution developed based on relevant literature. The research findings indicate that caring values application has a significant relationship (r = .758 and p = .000) in Shariah-Based Quality Management System implementation in the university, generating job satisfaction. Furthermore, the study’s findings may guide other higher education institutions to obtain MS 1900 certification. Through MS 1900 certification, the organisational management system can improve its performance and excellence, ultimately contributing to employee’s contentment and satisfaction.   

 

 

e-ISSN: 2773-529X 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BILATERAL RELATIONS OF PHILLIPINES AND MALAYSIA: THE ERA OF AND AFTER PRESIDENT MARCOS

Jessica Ong Hai Liaw, Mohamad Fadzly Mohd Yasin, S. Inderjit, Khairunnisa Mardzuki, Haliza Mohd Zahari, Wong Wai Loong, Amnah Saayah Ismail, Burhanuddin Abd Jalal

 

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the foreign policy of the Philippines to improve their economic position after being in the country's internal political turmoil. The exploring on the bilateral relations between the Philippines and Malaysia since the leadership of President Carlos Garcia until President Rodrigo Duterte. At the international level, the termination of US military bases from the country in 1992 invites major challenge to the Philippines in the international arena, that changes the fate of the political elite position among Filipinos.  The Philippines claim to Sabah as part of its territory, while Indonesia declares the region of Borneo as its territory through the desire of Sukarno to establish Indonesia Raya. The claim of Sabah by the Philippines for over thirty years. The conflict in the southern Philippines over the MILF and MNL as well as the latest issue relating to the economic downturn in 1997 until 1998 generates a relationship that cannot be avoided between the Philippines and Malaysia. The support of the two countries towards the United Nations and the positive support towards the role of ASEAN's makes bilateral relations between Malaysia and the Philippines. The contributions on the harmonious relationship between the Philippines and Malaysia is the result of the spirit of Asian countries formed through policies of both countries to support ASEAN. 

 

THE FORMATION OF CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS BASED ON THE DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, SPIRITUAL AND INTELLECTUAL

Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Rogis Baker, Rosmah Mohamed, Nur Surayya binti Mohd Saudi 

 

Abstract

Leadership is a key pillar of the successful 21st century organizations and it is very crucial to ensure that its governance is always of the highest standard and remain relevant. Leadership without integrity is a risk to an organization and will disrupts the organization’s efficiency and effectiveness. Therefore, the process of developing a good leader is vital for university students who will be future leaders with a holistic and balanced spiritual and physical aspect of their life. This study was conducted to analyze the four concepts of P.E.S.I. namely Physical, Emotional, Spiritual and Intellectual that influence the preservation of leadership among students in a Malaysian institution of higher learning. The quantitative method was used in this study where self-administered questionnaires were employed as a research instrument. The sample (n=342) was collected from students of a public university in Malaysia. The results found that there were significant relationships between the four concepts of P.E.S.I. and the formation of charismatic leadership among students of a public university in Malaysia. This study is expected to be an important source of reference for public universities in Malaysia to develop exemplary leaders. 

 

NATURAL DISASTER: ITS IMPLICATION TO HUMAN SECURITY

Ng Chin Sai, Rogis Baker, Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol, Haliza Mohd Zahari, Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi, Zailin Zainal Ariffin

 

Abstract

This study is intended to provide an overview of a natural disaster that significantly affects human security, especially in Malaysia. Furthermore, it enhances the understanding of natural disaster determinant factors and improves the knowledge about the risk, vulnerability, and consequences of a natural disaster. Despite the complexity of human security, this conceptual study can provide the platform for the Malaysian Government to assess the implication of natural disasters and protect human security. Therefore, it is crucial in handling human needs. Such approaches require well-coordinated and quick responses from government and non-government agencies. Furthermore, safety measures or precautions should be pre-planned for human security before the disaster hits.

 

THE RELIABILITY OF RATING PERCEIVED EXERTION AND THE RELATIONSHIP WITH HEART RATE IN YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS

Siti Azilah Atan, Mohammad Fazrul Jafar, Mohd Syrinaz Azli, Jorrye Jakiwa, Mohar Kassim

 

Abstract

The aim of this study were to assess the reliability of the RPE scales and the relationship between RPE and HR in young football players (age 15.6 ± 0.4).  Twenty male outfield football players (n = 20, 1.67 ± 0.4 m, 55.3 ± 8.4 kg) from the Sekolah Sukan Bukit Jalil (SSBJ) volunteered to participate in this study. The Football Simulation Protocol (FSP), a test that replicates the U15 football match-play was performed on two occasions to determine test-retest reliability of the RPE. The participants performed 4 x 20-min ‘blocks’ of exercise separated by 3 min recovery. Within the rest periods between exercise blocks, RPE and HR were administered. No significant differences was observed between trials in the RPE scales (P >0.05). The Pearson Correlation and ICC showed excellent correlations of the RPE (r= .776, ICC= 0.834, P<0.05). Further assesment of realibility indicating excellent repeatability evidence for the scales (SEM = ± 0.2, 95% CI = ± 0.4). Moderate correlation was found between RPE and HR  (r = .581, P< 0.05). In conclusion, the RPE scales is valid and reliable to be use with young football players. The findings also indicates that inclusion of RPE  in monitoring training load can provide important information to athletes, coaches and sports scientist. 

 

LISTENER’S PERCEPTION ON SEXIST WORDS IN SELECTED MALAYSIAN HIP HOP LYRICS

Belinda Marie Balraj, Thulasitasan Nadarajah RMN 

 

Abstract

The study on gender has always been an important research area in the field of popular music studies. While most studies focus on the content analysis of the popular music, there is still a need to research on listener’s perception of popular music lyrics. This study examined 30 listener’s perception on sexist words in selected 20 Malaysian hip hop lyrics. A total of 13 sexist words were analysed using text analysis. To further facilitate the data, the listeners were also given 9 random lyrics which contained sexist words and were asked to rank them from positive, negative or neutral. The data was then tabulated using Google Form.  The results showed that listeners are aware of words that denote women to a lower level and yet the words are still used on women, perhaps due to dissatisfaction. The findings show that the respondents are merely going by the flow of what media puts forward which can be related back to the agenda set by the media. 

 

PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT FOR GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID (GABA) ENCEPHALITIS: A CASE REPORT

Mohd Farid Md Yusof, Shalisah Sharip, Suriati Mohamed Saini, Fairuz Nazri Abdul Rahman, Hamid Bin Abdul Rahman, Raihanah binti Abdul Khalid

 

Abstract

Encephalitis with unknown etiologies and an uncontrolled seizure pose challenges for effective management. This paper reports on the management of a case of depression and severe cognitive impairment post-acute encephalitis with uncontrolled seizures. All investigations were not significant except for one electroencephalogram finding and positive test for anti-GABA B receptor. Improvement was evident following pharmacological treatment, family sessions and environmental stimulation during the process of identification. Multimodal intervention during the post-acute encephalitis improved depression and quality of life.

 

ANALYSIS OF INDONESIA'S SHOOTER ATHLETE TRAINING MANAGEMENT ON AUSTRALIAN ARMY SKILL AT ARMS MEETING COMPETITION

Yusuf Ali, Rahmi Yulia

 

Abstract

Indonesia as a state with a strategic position that becomes international sea traffic lanes should have a strong and professional military. The professionalism of the soldiers of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) demonstrated by the achievements of the Army shooter athletes at international level competitions. One of the international level competitions that have raised the name of Indonesia every year is the annual AASAM (Australian Army Skills at Arms Meeting).  In this competition, from 2008 to 2018 the Army had won this competition for 11 years in a row. Therefore, it becomes interesting to examine the management of exercises carried out by the Indonesian Army on shooter athletes. This research was conducted using qualitative methods. Based on the findings in the field and the results of the researchers' analysis, it can be concluded that the management training conducted by the Army for shooter athletes who participate in the AASAM competition is carried out with a regular chain of command so as to produce controlled activities and can achieve the expected targets. This was achieved because the Army had carried out this activity for many years and every year improvements were made from the results of the evaluation of activities.

 

BAIL AND THE PRINCIPLE OF GENERALIBUS SPECIALIA DEROGANT IN THE MALAYSIAN MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM

Mazura Md Saman, Jamal Rodzi Dahari

 

Abstract

This article analyses case law and literature to determine the position of bail in the military criminal justice system.  The right to bail is a fundamental human right to liberty, and ensure unfairly imprisonment before trial. The criminal justice system in many countries provides for the right to bail, including Malaysia except for offences such as drug trafficking, kidnapping and crimes which carry the death penalty. However, as the Criminal Procedure Code only applies to civilian courts in Malaysia, military personnel may not enjoy the same treatment under the Armed Forces Act 1972. It is thus essential to investigate the need for the Armed Forces Act 1972 to be reformed to include the right to bail. The finding suggests that the bail should be afforded to military offender charged under the Armed Forces Act 1972 and give the option to the military authorities the discretion to release the accused on a bail, in unanimity to the element of fundamental rights to liberty.

 

 

e-ISSN: 2773-529X 

 

 

ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT AMONG CHILDREN

Jorrye Jakiwa, Siti Azilah Atan, Mohd Syrinaz Azli

 

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the level of gross motor development among children based on ethnic differences. A total of 49 subjects aged between 8 to 9 years old were volunteered involve in this study (age, 8.55 ± .50 years old). There are two Malaysian ethnic involved in this study namely Malay (n = 28) and Indian (n = 21). All of the subjects are among students in one of the primary schools in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. The subjects’ level of gross motor development was assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development version 2 (TGMD-2). The instrument was used to examine two important aspects of gross motor that are locomotor and object manipulation.  The locomotor component skills consist of running, galloping, hopping, leaping, jumping and sliding. While the object manipulation component consists of striking, dribbling, catching, kicking, throwing and rolling. The findings showed that there were no differences observed on level of gross motor development between Malay and Indian in locomotor [t (46) = .524, p (.60)> .05] and object manipulation [t (44.09) = -1.45, p (.19)> .05]. The Gross Motor Quotient (GMQ) score showed by Malay (min = 87.46) and Indian (min = 81.00) are below average of level of gross motor development. In conclusion, the gross motor performance among children is lower compared to their actual age. While ethnic factors are not strong indicator to determine children’s gross motor development in Malaysia. 

 

STUDENTS’ ACTIVE ROLES IN ARABIC LANGUAGE DEBATE ACTIVITIES IN NDUM

Najjah Salwa Abd Razak, Masdini Harina Ab Manan, Nor Azliana Akmal Binti Jamaludin, NurHidayati Mohd Rafy, Mhd Faizal Mhd Ramli

 

Abstract

Students’ interest in learning Arabic as a foreign language is an important aspect that has to be addressed by language instructors. By addressing this affective factor, they will be able to cater the needs of the students, particularly in selecting relevant activities that suit the students’ abilities and at the same time comply with the syllabus. This study explores the students' interest in learning Arabic using debates. It also intends to investigate the challenges faced and efforts made by students in the process of learning Arabic through debates. This is a single case study involving ten participants consisting of National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM) students from diverse backgrounds. The participants were interviewed, with the sessions recorded and saved in MP3 audio format. The interviews were then transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically. The findings show that on the whole, the students have good interest in learning Arabic language through roleplay activities, but there are various challenges experienced by the students in the learning process. For example, the insufficiency of the vocabulary to express their ideas and the need to always translate it first. They also get demoralised when interacting with more fluent and proficient speakers. Despite these challenges, they demonstrated a persistent and satisfied effort as they feel like they are being challenged to be better while achieving the objective of the activity. This study provides some pedagogical recommendations in terms of prepping students with communicative function activities such as debates with several guidelines, particularly for minimising the constraints of students with basic Arabic language experience.

 

Abstrak

Minat pelajar untuk mempelajari bahasa Arab sebagai bahasa asing adalah aspek penting yang perlu diambil berat oleh pengajar bahasa. Melalui faktor afektif ini, mereka dapat memenuhi keperluan para pelajar, terutamanya dalam memilih aktiviti yang relevan dengan kemampuan pelajar dan pada masa yang sama selaras dengan sukatan pelajaran. Kajian ini meneroka minat pelajar mempelajari bahasa Arab menerusi aktiviti debat. Selain itu, cabaran yang dihadapi dan usaha yang dilakukan pelajar dalam proses pembelajaran tersebut turut dikaji. Kajian kes ini melibatkan sepuluh peserta dalam kalangan pelajar Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) dari pelbagai latar belakang. Para peserta telah ditemu bual dan maklum balas mereka direkodkan menggunakan perakam dan disimpan dalam bentuk audio MP3. Rakaman tersebut kemudiannya ditranskripskikan secara verbatim dan dianalisis secara tematik. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa pelajar keseluruhan mempunyai minat yang tinggi dalam mempelajari Bahasa Arab melalui aktiviti debat yang menonjolkan peranan aktif pelajar. Namun, terdapat pelbagai cabaran yang dialami oleh pelajar dalam proses pembelajaran; contohnya kekurangan perbendaharaan kata untuk menyatakan idea mereka dan keperluan untuk sentiasa menterjemahkan ayat terlebih dahulu. Walaupun terdapat cabaran, mereka telah menunjukkan usaha yang berterusan dan memuaskan kerana mereka berasa tercabar untuk menjadi lebih baik sekaligus mencapai objektif aktiviti tersebut. Kajian ini memberi implikasi terhadap pedagogi pengajaran, iaitu penyelidik mencadangkan pendekatan aktiviti debat sesuai untuk pembelajaran bahasa Arab dengan merujuk kepada beberapa garis panduan, khususnya untuk meminimumkan kekangan pelajar yang hanya mempunyai pengalaman bahasa Arab asas.

 

PENGARUH KETERIKATAN KERJA SEBAGAI PERANTARA TERHADAP HUBUNGAN ANTARA KECERDASAN SPIRITUAL DAN KOMITMEN AFEKTIF: PERBANDINGAN ANTARA PERSPEKTIF BARAT DAN ISLAM

Rogis Baker, Hasimi Sallehudin, Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Amnah Saayah Ismail, Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi

 

Abstrak

Matlamat kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji hubungan secara langsung antara kecerdasan spiritual dengan keterikatan kerja dan hubungan keterikatan kerja dengan komitmen afektif dalam perspektif Islam dan Barat. Kajian ini juga bertujuan mengkaji peranan keterikatan kerja sebagai perantara terhadap hubungan antara kecerdasan spiritual dengan komitmen afektif. Kajian melibatkan seramai 372 pegawai polis di lima negeri iaitu Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Johor, Sarawak dan Sabah. Kaedah penyelidikan yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah melibatkan pengedaran soal selidik kepada responden. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis PLS-SEM. Hasil analisis mendapati: (1) tiga dimensi kecerdasan spiritual iaitu kemampuan berfikir secara kritis (CET), kemampuan mencipta makna (PMP) dan kesedaran transcendental (TA) mempunyai hubungan signifikan positif dengan keterikatan kerja; (2) satu dimensi kecerdasan spiritual iaitu kesedaran perkembangan aspek spiritual (CSE) tidak mempunyai hubungan signifikan dengan keterikatan kerja; (3) keterikatan kerja mempunyai hubungan signifikan positif dengan komitmen afektif; (4) keterikatan kerja mempunyai kesan perantara terhadap hubungan antara ketiga-tiga dimensi kecerdasan spiritual (CET, PMP dan TA) dengan komitmen afektif; (5) keterikatan kerja tidak mempunyai kesan perantara terhadap hubungan antara dimensi kecerdasan spiritual iaitu CSE dengan komitmen afektif. Hasil kajian ini telah membuktikan bahawa keterikatan kerja dapat berperanan sebagai perantara antara hubungan sebahagian besar dimensi kecerdasan spiritual dengan komitmen afektif. Penemuan ini juga menandakan bahawa kepentingan elemen kecerdasan spiritual dalam mempengaruhi kesetiaan dan komitmen pegawai polis. 

 

PENGURUSAN DAKWAH ORGANISASI: KOMPETENSI PENDAKWAH KOR AGAMA ANGKATAN TENTERA MALAYSIA 

Burhanuddin Jalal, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Amnah Saayah Ismail, Suraya Saudi

 

Abstrak

Pelaksanaan Dakwah Islamiah dalam Angkatan Tentera Malaysia telah bermula sejak penubuhannya pada tahun 1933 lagi dan terus diperkasakan dengan penubuhan Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (KAGAT) pada tahun 1985. Usaha-usaha dakwah Islamiah yang dilaksanakan oleh KAGAT dalam  institusi ketenteraan  telah membina penghayatan Islam dalam kalangan anggotanya membentuk kekuatan anggota dari aspek spritual dan mental agar mempunyai daya tempur yang kuat bagi mempertahankan agama, bangsa dan negara. Kepentingan anggota atau warga kerja yang mempunyai kompetensi atau cemerlang bagi melonjak organisasi ke arah yang lebih baik amat penting. Kompetensi merujuk pengetahuan dan kemahiran yang diperlukan  dalam melaksanakan tugasan atau kerja tertentu.Kajian bertujuan untuk melihat tahap kompetensi pendakwah KAGAT terhadap tugas yang dilaksnakan. Kajian perpustakaan, kaedah soal selidik, temu bual dan pemerhatian telah digunakan bagi memperoleh data berkaitan dengan penyediaan dan latihan terhadap anggota  Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera Malaysia. Kajian soal selidik telah dijadikan instrumen kajian lapangan untuk melihat persepsi anggota Angkatan tentera terhadap anggota KAGAT. Kajian telah dilakukan terhadap 383 orang responden anggota ATM yang telah dijadikan sampel kajian. Teknik pengambilan sampel secara rambang telah digunakan dan keseluruhan hasil kajian telah dianalisis dengan menggunakan perisian SPSS  secara deskriptif dan inferensi. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan  bahawa persepsi anggota ATM terhadap anggota KAGAT pada umumnya baik serta tinggi dan ini membuktikan bahawa usaha-usaha Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (KAGAT) untuk membina penghayatan Islam dalam kalangan anggota Angkatan Tentera Malaysia adalah tercapai dan kajian menunjukkan pendakwah KAGAT mempunyai kompetensi yang tinggi dalam pelaksanaan tugas.

 

Abstract

The implementation of Islamic Da'wah in the Malaysian Armed Forces has started since its inception in 1933 and continues to be strengthened with the establishment of the Malaysian Armed Forces Religious Corps (KAGAT) in 1985. Islamic da'wah efforts implemented by KAGAT in military institutions have built an appreciation of Islam among its members form the strength of members in terms of spiritual and mental in order to have a strong combat power to defend religion, nation and country. The importance of members or employees who have the competence or excellence to propel the organization for the better is very important. Competence refers to the knowledge and skills required in performing a particular task or work. The study aims to see the level of competence of KAGAT preachers on the task performed. Library studies, questionnaires, interviews and observations were used to obtain data related to the preparation and training of members of the Religious Corps of the Malaysian Armed Forces. Questionnaire study has been used as a field research instrument to see the perception of members of the Armed Forces towards KAGAT members. A study was conducted on 383 ATM members who were sampled for the study. Random sampling techniques were used and the overall results of the study were analyzed using SPSS software descriptively and inference. The findings show that the perception of ATM members towards KAGAT members is generally good and high and this proves that the efforts of the Religious Corps of the Malaysian Armed Forces (KAGAT) to build an appreciation of Islam among members of the Malaysian Armed Forces are achieved and studies show that KAGAT preachers have competencies high in the execution of tasks.

 

ISRAEL’S NON-MILITARY STRATEGY IN THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT: ARCHAEOLOGY AS ISRAEL’S NATIONAL INSTRUMENT IN JERUSALEM/BAITUL MAQDIS (1948-2018)

Nor Aishah Hanifa

 

Abstract

This article analyses how archaeology has been an instrument for Israel to claim sovereignty over Jerusalem. Since 1967 archaeology has been a national instrument for Israel to achieve legitimacy over the Land of Palestine. In Israel, archaeology is treated as a national and patriotic project. Nationalistic archaeologists have been playing an important role to assist Israel to achieve its national interest. Archaeological excavations have been gradually establishing the Jewish identity in this holy land vis-à-vis Palestinian/Arabic/Islamic identity. “Judaizing policy”, taking place vigorously in Jerusalem especially in the Holy Basin with the help of settler organizations. Palestinians rise against Israeli ambition through counter archaeological activities to safeguard their historical heritages. Israelis perceive Palestinians’ activities as detrimental to Israel’s survival as a Jewish state in the holy land. This phenomena shapes the “Clash of Civilizations” in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. One of the area affected by such clash is the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif (TMH) and the Holy Basin. Israel wages non-military battle since 1967 to claim sovereignty over whole Palestine. Using archaeology as an instrument in the territorial policy is a smart strategy. Israel’s smart strategy of utilizing archaeology is suitable in the historical sites where the use of force can jeopardize Israel’s national interest.

 

 

e-ISSN: 2773-529X

 

 

 

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