Mohd Juraimy Kadir, Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol
Tujuan utama kajian ini adalah untuk mengukur hubungan antara kecerdasan emosi dengan tekanan kerja dan kepuasan kerja dalam kalangan anggota Tentera Darat Malaysia (TDM). Kecerdasan emosi, yang mempunyai empat dimensi: memahami emosi, emosi emosi diri, kesedaran sosial, dan kemahiran sosial, merupakan pembolehubah bebas dalam kajian ini. Pada masa yang sama, pembolehubah bersandar ialah tekanan kerja dan kepuasan kerja di kalangan ahli TDM. Tinjauan adalah kuantitatif, dengan 479 responden memberikan respons lengkap. Bagi meneliti analisis faktor dan ujian hipotesis, data dianalisis menggunakan Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS) versi 21.0 dan seterusnya Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) versi 3.0. Dapatan kajian mendedahkan bahawa kecerdasan emosi mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan kepuasan kerja tetapi tidak dengan tekanan kerja.
The primary purpose of this study was to measure the relationship between emotional intelligence with job stress and job satisfaction among personnel of the Malaysian Army (TDM). Emotional intelligence, which has four dimensions: understanding emotions, self-emotional emotions, social awareness, and social skills, is the independent variable in this study. At the same time, the dependent variables are work stress and job satisfaction among TDM members. The survey was quantitative, with 479 respondents providing complete responses. To examine the factor analysis and hypothesis testing, the data were analysed using Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS) version 21.0 and subsequently the Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) version 3.0. The study's findings revealed that emotional intelligence has a significant relationship with job satisfaction but not with work stress.
S.Inderji, Haslinda Abdullah, Safar Yaacob, Zamri Ismail, Kwong Fook Wen, Jessica Ong Hai Liaw
The research was conducted to determine the different aspects of job performance among Senior Non-Commissioned Officers (SNCO), often mentioned as middle managers in the Malaysian Army. This study has identified that the job performance of the SNCOs in the combat element corps consists of task and contextual job performance. The quantitative approach was implemented, and the data consisting of 458 respondents were collected from soldiers of the rank of corporal and below, i.e. JNCOs from the combat element corps of the Malaysian Army in all geographic locations of Malaysia. The data analysis used was PLS-SEM to determine the acceptability of the data obtained with the hypothesised model of job performance. The R2 value of 0.852 indicates that 85.2 % of job performance is predicted by task and contextual performance constructs. The results also support the hypothesis that task performance and contextual performance have a significant positive relationship with job performance among the SNCOs. This study established that both task and contextual job performance are of equal importance in determining the job performance of middle managers of the combat element of the Malaysian Army. Nevertheless, task performance is more significant compared to contextual performance.
Nur Hidayah Roslan, Haslinda Abdullah, Rosmah Mohamed
The disaster always affects a person, financial, economic, trust issues, leadership and much more. It takes a lot of hard work and high intensity in managing the disaster. Infantry personnel are movers in managing the disaster in Malaysia that provide response and conduct search and rescue. Welfare and morale are elements that contribute to disaster response management. This study's objectives include determining the relationship between infantry personnel’s welfare and morale with effective disaster response management. An exploratory and descriptive approach is used to conduct interviews with the infantry personnel in Sarawak. All the data were transcribed and categorised into themes. The findings showed that infantry personnel have high morale and are satisfied with the military's welfare towards themselves and their families. The implication and contribution of this study are to understand the importance of welfare and morale towards disaster response management. Providing fair welfare that includes the safety of the subordinates and their families, working schedule, and medical and counselling is essential to increase the morale of the infantry personnel. Infantry personnel must cooperate to manage the disaster, leading to successful disaster response and management.
Sarang Joshi, S. Inderjit
With the advent of nuclear weapons and increased international impetus on human rights, the likelihood of a full-blown war between actors seems less likely. Therefore, it is apparent that concepts of war would again transform to suit a more acceptable form – Hybrid Warfare. The paradigm of Hybrid Warfare aims to exploit various domains traditionally not associated with war synergistically. The acts undertaken in these domains are calculated to be below a certain threshold and offer plausible deniability, which, therefore, cannot be classified as outright acts of war. Furthermore, these acts are exploited in a ‘Grey Zone’ – where delimitations between war and peace are not earmarked or clear. The disputed region of the South China Sea, wherein territorial and maritime disputes exist among several claimants, forms an ideal Grey Zone. Dominion over this region would address China's military, Economic, Energy and Food Security needs. Thus, in an effort towards dominating the South China Sea, China has been employing numerous means such as Diplomatic Manoeuvres, Economic Intimidation, Military Force and Miscellaneous Subversions. When analysed in unison, these acts undoubtedly reveal a Hybrid Warfare character.
Muhamad Izzat Farhan bin Mohd Poad,Amnah Saayah binti Ismail
Generasi muda adalah pengganti kepemimpinan masa kini. Kebangkitan dan kejatuhan sebuah negara adalah bergantung kepada keperibadian, pengetahuan, dan kemampuan kepemimpinan mereka. Penulisan ini akan membincangkan bagaimana pemimpin boleh dibentuk berdasarkan al-Quran dan al-Sunnah dan menjadikan Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh sebagai contoh. Kedudukan Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh sebagai penguasa muda dengan standard moral yang tinggi, sentiasa mahu mahu menambah pengetahuan dan usaha yang berterusan untuk mengasah kemahirannya harus menjadi inspirasi bagi pemuda masa kini. Dengan menggunakan metodologi analisis kandungan, kajian ini mendapati bahawa banyak panduan sudah digariskan dalam Al-Quran dan Sunnah yang dapat digunakan dalam membentuk pemimpin masa kini. Pada masa yang sama, keperibadian Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh juga dapat dijadikan model untuk melengkapkan lagi proses yang diperlukan dalam membentuk generasi di bawah bimbingan Al-Quran dan Sunnah.
The younger generation is the successor of today's leadership. The rise and fall of a nation are underpinned by their personality, knowledge, and leadership capabilities. This writing will then discuss how leaders are formed based on al-Quran and al-Sunnah and make Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh an example. The stature of Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh as a young ruler with high moral standards, his hunger for knowledge and his never-ending effort to sharpen his skills should be the inspiration for today's youth. Using content analysis methodology, the study found that many guidelines are already outlined in the Quran and Sunnah that could be utilised in shaping today's leaders. At the same time, the personality of Sultan Muhammad al-Fateh can be used as a model to complement further the processes required in shaping the generation under the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah.
Nor Nazimi Mohd Mustaffa, Aminuddin Basir, Jaffary Awang, Jessica Ong Hai Liaw, Amnah Saayah Ismail
Psychologists have conducted empirical studies and observations to explain the development of religious behavior. Psychologists in this field such as Micheal Argyle, Feierman and Ghazali have certainly give their own theories and views in explaining the stages of development of religious behavior. This has certainly been found in many of their books. However, it would be useful to conduct an analysis to find out the views of these religious psychologists and thus be able to conclude about the development stages of religious behavior. Therefore, the objectives of this paper analyzes Argyle, Feierman and Ghazali books which is discusses the question of religious behavior. This study uses qualitative methods through document analysis approach to the work of Religious Behavior from Argyle, Biology of Religious Behavior from Feierman and Ihya Ulum Al-Din from Ghazali. The discussions of all these religious psychologists were analyzed thematically to answer the objectives of the study. The results show that the level of development of religious behavior discussed by Argyle and Feierman is through the stage of development of age from childhood stage to adult’s stage. Meanwhile, for Ghazali, he explained that the development stage of religious behavior is through the strength development of soul. The importance of this study is to find out how and why religious behavior is performed by humans.
Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Intan Balkish Abdul Rahman, Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Rogis Baker, Nik Ismail Rashed Che Ali
Lack of emphasis on the service quality performed by the organizational employees that involves in food based downstream activity leads to negative implications in product and customer perspectives. Therefore, the organization will not be able to maintain its competitiveness in running the business. Determination of the strategic factors that would promote service quality among the employees in the organization is very crucial. This research aims to examine the impact of Human Resource Management (HRM) practices on service quality among employees in food based downstream industry. Investigating HRM practices in this study are based on the dimensions namely recruitment and selection, training and development and performance appraisal. Questionnaires were adapted from previous empirical research instruments and data were analyzed using the "Statistical Package for Social Science" (SPSS) version 26.0. This study involved a total of 162 employees from the industry as respondents. The results of the correlation and regression analyses revealed that recruitment and selection, training and development and performance appraisal had a positive relationship and significant effect on service quality respectively. In addition, the result of this study showed that the most dominant determinant factor of human resource management practices on service quality was training and development. The results of this study were seen to be able to contribute within the scope of knowledge in managing HRM practices and the importance of the impact of HRM practices on the quality of services in an organization.
Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Burhanuddin Jalal, Azmi Ahmad, Siti Arni Basir, Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi, Norashikin Sahol Hamid
This study examines employee’s perceptions at a Private University in Malaysia on applying employee caring values in compliance with the Shariah-Based Quality Management System (MS 1900). In this study, 297 respondents were involved, encompassing two primary campuses in Putrajaya and Pahang employing quantitative methods. This study’s data collection is through a survey study with questionnaires distribution developed based on relevant literature. The research findings indicate that caring values application has a significant relationship (r = .758 and p = .000) in Shariah-Based Quality Management System implementation in the university, generating job satisfaction. Furthermore, the study’s findings may guide other higher education institutions to obtain MS 1900 certification. Through MS 1900 certification, the organisational management system can improve its performance and excellence, ultimately contributing to employee’s contentment and satisfaction.