Vol 3, Issue 2 (2020)

Journal of Defence Management, Social Science & Humanities

ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN GROSS MOTOR DEVELOPMENT AMONG CHILDREN

Jorrye Jakiwa, Siti Azilah Atan, Mohd Syrinaz Azli

 

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the level of gross motor development among children based on ethnic differences. A total of 49 subjects aged between 8 to 9 years old were volunteered involve in this study (age, 8.55 ± .50 years old). There are two Malaysian ethnic involved in this study namely Malay (n = 28) and Indian (n = 21). All of the subjects are among students in one of the primary schools in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. The subjects’ level of gross motor development was assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development version 2 (TGMD-2). The instrument was used to examine two important aspects of gross motor that are locomotor and object manipulation.  The locomotor component skills consist of running, galloping, hopping, leaping, jumping and sliding. While the object manipulation component consists of striking, dribbling, catching, kicking, throwing and rolling. The findings showed that there were no differences observed on level of gross motor development between Malay and Indian in locomotor [t (46) = .524, p (.60)> .05] and object manipulation [t (44.09) = -1.45, p (.19)> .05]. The Gross Motor Quotient (GMQ) score showed by Malay (min = 87.46) and Indian (min = 81.00) are below average of level of gross motor development. In conclusion, the gross motor performance among children is lower compared to their actual age. While ethnic factors are not strong indicator to determine children’s gross motor development in Malaysia. 

 

STUDENTS’ ACTIVE ROLES IN ARABIC LANGUAGE DEBATE ACTIVITIES IN NDUM

Najjah Salwa Abd Razak, Masdini Harina Ab Manan, Nor Azliana Akmal Binti Jamaludin, NurHidayati Mohd Rafy, Mhd Faizal Mhd Ramli

 

Abstract

Students’ interest in learning Arabic as a foreign language is an important aspect that has to be addressed by language instructors. By addressing this affective factor, they will be able to cater the needs of the students, particularly in selecting relevant activities that suit the students’ abilities and at the same time comply with the syllabus. This study explores the students' interest in learning Arabic using debates. It also intends to investigate the challenges faced and efforts made by students in the process of learning Arabic through debates. This is a single case study involving ten participants consisting of National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM) students from diverse backgrounds. The participants were interviewed, with the sessions recorded and saved in MP3 audio format. The interviews were then transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically. The findings show that on the whole, the students have good interest in learning Arabic language through roleplay activities, but there are various challenges experienced by the students in the learning process. For example, the insufficiency of the vocabulary to express their ideas and the need to always translate it first. They also get demoralised when interacting with more fluent and proficient speakers. Despite these challenges, they demonstrated a persistent and satisfied effort as they feel like they are being challenged to be better while achieving the objective of the activity. This study provides some pedagogical recommendations in terms of prepping students with communicative function activities such as debates with several guidelines, particularly for minimising the constraints of students with basic Arabic language experience.

 

Abstrak

Minat pelajar untuk mempelajari bahasa Arab sebagai bahasa asing adalah aspek penting yang perlu diambil berat oleh pengajar bahasa. Melalui faktor afektif ini, mereka dapat memenuhi keperluan para pelajar, terutamanya dalam memilih aktiviti yang relevan dengan kemampuan pelajar dan pada masa yang sama selaras dengan sukatan pelajaran. Kajian ini meneroka minat pelajar mempelajari bahasa Arab menerusi aktiviti debat. Selain itu, cabaran yang dihadapi dan usaha yang dilakukan pelajar dalam proses pembelajaran tersebut turut dikaji. Kajian kes ini melibatkan sepuluh peserta dalam kalangan pelajar Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) dari pelbagai latar belakang. Para peserta telah ditemu bual dan maklum balas mereka direkodkan menggunakan perakam dan disimpan dalam bentuk audio MP3. Rakaman tersebut kemudiannya ditranskripskikan secara verbatim dan dianalisis secara tematik. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa pelajar keseluruhan mempunyai minat yang tinggi dalam mempelajari Bahasa Arab melalui aktiviti debat yang menonjolkan peranan aktif pelajar. Namun, terdapat pelbagai cabaran yang dialami oleh pelajar dalam proses pembelajaran; contohnya kekurangan perbendaharaan kata untuk menyatakan idea mereka dan keperluan untuk sentiasa menterjemahkan ayat terlebih dahulu. Walaupun terdapat cabaran, mereka telah menunjukkan usaha yang berterusan dan memuaskan kerana mereka berasa tercabar untuk menjadi lebih baik sekaligus mencapai objektif aktiviti tersebut. Kajian ini memberi implikasi terhadap pedagogi pengajaran, iaitu penyelidik mencadangkan pendekatan aktiviti debat sesuai untuk pembelajaran bahasa Arab dengan merujuk kepada beberapa garis panduan, khususnya untuk meminimumkan kekangan pelajar yang hanya mempunyai pengalaman bahasa Arab asas.

 

PENGARUH KETERIKATAN KERJA SEBAGAI PERANTARA TERHADAP HUBUNGAN ANTARA KECERDASAN SPIRITUAL DAN KOMITMEN AFEKTIF: PERBANDINGAN ANTARA PERSPEKTIF BARAT DAN ISLAM

Rogis Baker, Hasimi Sallehudin, Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Mohd Hamran Mohamad, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Amnah Saayah Ismail, Nur Surayya Mohd Saudi

 

Abstrak

Matlamat kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji hubungan secara langsung antara kecerdasan spiritual dengan keterikatan kerja dan hubungan keterikatan kerja dengan komitmen afektif dalam perspektif Islam dan Barat. Kajian ini juga bertujuan mengkaji peranan keterikatan kerja sebagai perantara terhadap hubungan antara kecerdasan spiritual dengan komitmen afektif. Kajian melibatkan seramai 372 pegawai polis di lima negeri iaitu Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Johor, Sarawak dan Sabah. Kaedah penyelidikan yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah melibatkan pengedaran soal selidik kepada responden. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis PLS-SEM. Hasil analisis mendapati: (1) tiga dimensi kecerdasan spiritual iaitu kemampuan berfikir secara kritis (CET), kemampuan mencipta makna (PMP) dan kesedaran transcendental (TA) mempunyai hubungan signifikan positif dengan keterikatan kerja; (2) satu dimensi kecerdasan spiritual iaitu kesedaran perkembangan aspek spiritual (CSE) tidak mempunyai hubungan signifikan dengan keterikatan kerja; (3) keterikatan kerja mempunyai hubungan signifikan positif dengan komitmen afektif; (4) keterikatan kerja mempunyai kesan perantara terhadap hubungan antara ketiga-tiga dimensi kecerdasan spiritual (CET, PMP dan TA) dengan komitmen afektif; (5) keterikatan kerja tidak mempunyai kesan perantara terhadap hubungan antara dimensi kecerdasan spiritual iaitu CSE dengan komitmen afektif. Hasil kajian ini telah membuktikan bahawa keterikatan kerja dapat berperanan sebagai perantara antara hubungan sebahagian besar dimensi kecerdasan spiritual dengan komitmen afektif. Penemuan ini juga menandakan bahawa kepentingan elemen kecerdasan spiritual dalam mempengaruhi kesetiaan dan komitmen pegawai polis. 

 

PENGURUSAN DAKWAH ORGANISASI: KOMPETENSI PENDAKWAH KOR AGAMA ANGKATAN TENTERA MALAYSIA 

Burhanuddin Jalal, Sayuti Ab Ghani, Amnah Saayah Ismail, Suraya Saudi

 

Abstrak

Pelaksanaan Dakwah Islamiah dalam Angkatan Tentera Malaysia telah bermula sejak penubuhannya pada tahun 1933 lagi dan terus diperkasakan dengan penubuhan Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (KAGAT) pada tahun 1985. Usaha-usaha dakwah Islamiah yang dilaksanakan oleh KAGAT dalam  institusi ketenteraan  telah membina penghayatan Islam dalam kalangan anggotanya membentuk kekuatan anggota dari aspek spritual dan mental agar mempunyai daya tempur yang kuat bagi mempertahankan agama, bangsa dan negara. Kepentingan anggota atau warga kerja yang mempunyai kompetensi atau cemerlang bagi melonjak organisasi ke arah yang lebih baik amat penting. Kompetensi merujuk pengetahuan dan kemahiran yang diperlukan  dalam melaksanakan tugasan atau kerja tertentu.Kajian bertujuan untuk melihat tahap kompetensi pendakwah KAGAT terhadap tugas yang dilaksnakan. Kajian perpustakaan, kaedah soal selidik, temu bual dan pemerhatian telah digunakan bagi memperoleh data berkaitan dengan penyediaan dan latihan terhadap anggota  Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera Malaysia. Kajian soal selidik telah dijadikan instrumen kajian lapangan untuk melihat persepsi anggota Angkatan tentera terhadap anggota KAGAT. Kajian telah dilakukan terhadap 383 orang responden anggota ATM yang telah dijadikan sampel kajian. Teknik pengambilan sampel secara rambang telah digunakan dan keseluruhan hasil kajian telah dianalisis dengan menggunakan perisian SPSS  secara deskriptif dan inferensi. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan  bahawa persepsi anggota ATM terhadap anggota KAGAT pada umumnya baik serta tinggi dan ini membuktikan bahawa usaha-usaha Kor Agama Angkatan Tentera Malaysia (KAGAT) untuk membina penghayatan Islam dalam kalangan anggota Angkatan Tentera Malaysia adalah tercapai dan kajian menunjukkan pendakwah KAGAT mempunyai kompetensi yang tinggi dalam pelaksanaan tugas.

 

Abstract

The implementation of Islamic Da'wah in the Malaysian Armed Forces has started since its inception in 1933 and continues to be strengthened with the establishment of the Malaysian Armed Forces Religious Corps (KAGAT) in 1985. Islamic da'wah efforts implemented by KAGAT in military institutions have built an appreciation of Islam among its members form the strength of members in terms of spiritual and mental in order to have a strong combat power to defend religion, nation and country. The importance of members or employees who have the competence or excellence to propel the organization for the better is very important. Competence refers to the knowledge and skills required in performing a particular task or work. The study aims to see the level of competence of KAGAT preachers on the task performed. Library studies, questionnaires, interviews and observations were used to obtain data related to the preparation and training of members of the Religious Corps of the Malaysian Armed Forces. Questionnaire study has been used as a field research instrument to see the perception of members of the Armed Forces towards KAGAT members. A study was conducted on 383 ATM members who were sampled for the study. Random sampling techniques were used and the overall results of the study were analyzed using SPSS software descriptively and inference. The findings show that the perception of ATM members towards KAGAT members is generally good and high and this proves that the efforts of the Religious Corps of the Malaysian Armed Forces (KAGAT) to build an appreciation of Islam among members of the Malaysian Armed Forces are achieved and studies show that KAGAT preachers have competencies high in the execution of tasks.

 

ISRAEL’S NON-MILITARY STRATEGY IN THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT: ARCHAEOLOGY AS ISRAEL’S NATIONAL INSTRUMENT IN JERUSALEM/BAITUL MAQDIS (1948-2018)

Nor Aishah Hanifa

 

Abstract

This article analyses how archaeology has been an instrument for Israel to claim sovereignty over Jerusalem. Since 1967 archaeology has been a national instrument for Israel to achieve legitimacy over the Land of Palestine. In Israel, archaeology is treated as a national and patriotic project. Nationalistic archaeologists have been playing an important role to assist Israel to achieve its national interest. Archaeological excavations have been gradually establishing the Jewish identity in this holy land vis-à-vis Palestinian/Arabic/Islamic identity. “Judaizing policy”, taking place vigorously in Jerusalem especially in the Holy Basin with the help of settler organizations. Palestinians rise against Israeli ambition through counter archaeological activities to safeguard their historical heritages. Israelis perceive Palestinians’ activities as detrimental to Israel’s survival as a Jewish state in the holy land. This phenomena shapes the “Clash of Civilizations” in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. One of the area affected by such clash is the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif (TMH) and the Holy Basin. Israel wages non-military battle since 1967 to claim sovereignty over whole Palestine. Using archaeology as an instrument in the territorial policy is a smart strategy. Israel’s smart strategy of utilizing archaeology is suitable in the historical sites where the use of force can jeopardize Israel’s national interest.

 

 

ISSN: 2773-529X