Zulfaqar JDSET

Journal of Defence Science, Engineering & Technology



In Defence of Breastfeeding: A Key to Food Security and Sustainable Development Goal


Studies in Defense of Societal Anxiety to Electromagnetic Field Radiation from Telco Towers


Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour Regarding Hydration and Fluid Intake Practice among National Defence University of Malaysia Athletes


Defence Against Fire: Technology Acceptance Model of Innovative Grill Ladder for Terrace Houses  


Alternative Materials for Improvement of Mechanical Performance, Thermal Performance and Mass of Pistol Barrel 


Pembangunan Sistem Maklumat Geografi Cawangan Kem Tentera Darat (GEOTD)


Implementation of Modified Booth-Wallace Tree Multiplier in FPGA


Energy Harvesting from Exhaust Waste Heat using Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) Modules


Development of Control Design for Tracking Tracking of Underactuated Underwater Vehicle Using Root Locus Technique


A Comparison Study on Text Mining and Sentiment Analysis Features and Functions using SAS Enterprise Miner, Python and R


Maintaining Hydration in Cadet Students: Issues and Guidelines


Recent Achievement on Carbon Nanotube-based Adsorbent for Organophosphorus Pesticides– A Mini Review


Systematic Literature Review: Investigating Susceptibility Factors Involving Private Transport Users to Switch Modes of Transportation


An overview on recent accomplishment of nanocellulose as sensing material in various applications


Joint Segmentation and Registration via Variational Formulation for 2D Mono-modal Images  


An Investigation of Bicycle Chain Lubrication Performance in Rainy Condition


An Integrated Model of Online Users’ Behaviour Towards Image Use In Social Media 





Behaviour of Non Explosive Demolition Agent (NEDA) on Plain Concrete


Review of Medical Image Analyses and its Implementation on Embedded Processors


Development of surface microbial image capturing system (SMICS) for harmful infectious microbe’s detection - stage 1: image processing


Implementing Auto-Enabling and Reporting Module for IOT Based Application of UPNM Data Center 


Construction Organisation Willingness to Adopt Building Information Modelling (BIM) as Design Development Tools


Deep Learning Method for Detection of Malaysian Army No 3 Uniform Images


Blast Response of Underground Structures Subjected to External Explosion – A Review


Impact of nanofillers on dielectric properties of polyurethane elastomers: From synthesis to future prospects


Investigation on Thermal Characteristic of Banana waste/ Wood Sawdust briquette


Antimicrobial Activity and Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles of Marine Iron Reducing Bacteria (IRB) Isolated from Pasir Panjang, Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan


A Review on Classification Methods for Prediction of Human Emotion through Heart Rate and Eye-Gaze


The Effects of Annealing On Microstructure, Optical and Structural Properties of Bismuth Oxyiodide Thin Films


Preliminary Study: Digital Forensic Process Model for Defence and Security Sectors


General Unreplicated Linear Functional Relationship Model For Circular Variables With Wind Direction Application


Video games and mental health





Defending Against Dengue: A Pilot Study of KAP on Dengue Prevention Among Residents in SS 3 Petaling Jaya


Water Level Smart Monitoring System for Atmospheric Water Generator Tank Using Arduino 


Scuba-diving injuries and underwater hazards: Refresher note for navy personnel


Analysis on three-core lead-sheathed HVAC submarine cable with twisted magnetic armor based on bonding types using Comsol Multiphysics


Flash Flood Prediction in Selangor Using Data Mining Techniques


Sarcoidosis or Cancer


Systematic Literature Review on Cyberbully Coping Strategy Model














Norshahriah Abdul Wahab, Amalina Farhi Ahmad Fazdlah, Nurhafizah Moziyana Mohd Yusop, Mohd Lazim Talib, Suresh A/L Thanakodi, Nurul Aini Kasran, Nurul Syuhada Narjun



Military or combat scenario require an efficient and effective interaction and communication in order for decision makers’ to actively participate in conducting an operation or Course of Actions (COAs). Based on this fact, the leveraging of a powerful data engine with a virtual geological will enables decision makers to visualize, analyse and interact with large of geoscientific datasets. This research proposed the implementation of Mixed Reality Technology (MR) which include the technology of Holograms and Virtual Reality specifically on 3 Dimensional (3D) geospatial terrain as the tool and platform to conduct the strategies of military decision making in an operation. Symbiosis of military decision making nature with immersive 3D, real time environment may reduce the risk of death and serious injury during military operations. Hereby, this research will integrate the appropriate elements and features of combat visualization which consists of virtual elements; mixed reality space and interaction; reaction and interaction within 3D mixed reality object. At the end of this research there will be a porotype and verified framework to support the military decision making. The elements of combat visualization will be exploring to give positive impact on highlighting the important details during Course of Actions (COAs). The prototype (GEO-VIS) will give impactful to military community in order for them to make the most appropriate solution. GEO-VIS visually integrates terabytes of elevation and photography data covering a huge geographical area in real-time. It allows geospatial data such as geological models, environmental and GIS data to be visualized and interpreted creating an intuitive communication in virtual a reality. 



Neza Ismail, Ng Choy Peng, Wan Mohamed Syafuan Wan Mohamed Sabri, Rashidah Bahar 



A building designed with good maintainability considerations, not only functions as intended, but is also adaptable to current and future use. The purposes of incorporating good maintainability considerations into the design of a building are to achieve high building performance, ease day-to-day housekeeping tasks, make the building adaptable for future needs and maintain a stable usage cost throughout the building’s design life. This study identifies enablers that enhance building maintainability considerations in building design by applying structural equation modelling with the partial least square estimation (PLS-SEM) technique. The data collection methods in this research include an expert panel interview using prepared semi-structured interview questions and a questionnaire survey to identify the influencing factors to improve the maintenance-related needs of the building. This study identifies five significant enablers that could improve building design outcome by enhancing building maintainability considerations in Malaysia. The most significant enablers are developing efficient design tools that utilize information and analysis focusing on the user’s usage behavior.



Suzaimah Ramli, Khairani Abd Majid, Noor Afiza Mat Razali, Muslihah Wook, Norulzahrah Mohd Zainudin, Farith Aminuallah Anwar Zulkifli, Slamet Riyadi



Renewable energy development as an alternative source of power supply has now been discovered and widely used. In fact, most users have begun to install one of the renewable energy known as solar photovoltaic (PV). Solar PV is installed in residential and industrial sectors as the government are considering every possible solution to increase the effectiveness of renewable energy. Solar PV has the feature that the energy stored from the solar energy into the battery will decrease at any time. Therefore, a monitoring system needs to be developed to measure power consumption based on the type of power supply currently being used, whether it be a primary power supply or a solar power supply. In this project, a system to monitor the percentage of energy supplied by solar PV as well as to inform the state of the solar panel via Interface. Information and data collected is obtained by monitoring the current and voltage through sensors installed and stored on a personal computer as well as using the Matlab application. Matlab is used to display data through graphical user interface (GUI) development. User friendly software in terms of organizing and controlling the system is created through the Interface. At the end of this project, this monitoring system will be used and applied mainly in residential and industrial sectors to enable measurement of solar energy performance.



Tee Kai Wen, Chew Sue Ping, Faiqahnor Abdul Latib, Latifah Sarah Supian 



Vibration detection is an important feature in machinery health monitoring, in which used to detect faults and damages in heavy machines. This work demonstrated a fiber vibration sensor based on SingleMode-No Core-SingleMode (SNCS) fiber structure for low frequency vibration detection. When light coupled from Single-Mode-Fiber (SMF) to No-Core-Fiber (NCF), high-order Eigennodes will be excited and caused interference between different modes occurred along NCF. Different vibration frequencies change the interference pattern inside the NCF as NCF acts as multimode waveguide. Two sets of SNCS sensor with different length of 1.65cm and 2.85cm obtained an average Electric Field Norm (EFN) losses of 5.242% and 9.233% respectively. The SNCS sensor was proven to be capable in detecting vibration frequencies ranging 100Hz to 3000Hz with vibration intensity of 3V and 5V. The maximum relative error of the vibration frequency is 7.32143 × 10^(-9)%. The SNCS structure has the advantage of easy to fabricate, low cost and immune to electromagnetic interference, which can be used in critical environment. 



Rahoma Ahmed Hussein, Shabbar Hussein 



The incidence of hand burns in children is high. In the overall cases of body burns, hand and wrist burns account for about 39%. They may constitute a part of a larger burn of the body, or an isolated injury of the hand and wrist. The choice between early and late eschar excision with skin covering is still a matter of debate. Two cases of deep burns of the hand were presented in this report. The report shows how to close the residual wounds of deep burns. One patient was a Malay child who sustained a deep contact burn in both hands. The other patient was a premature newly born Malay baby one-month-old, with Down’s syndrome. He suffered from a gangrenous patch (eschar) over the dorsum of the left hand after extravasation of drugs (chemical burn or necrotizing fasciitis). The two patients were treated by covering with local skin flaps after eschar excision and debridement. The result was good as patients did not develop any contracture as usual in similar cases.



N. Mohd Nurazzi, M. M. Harussani, S. Z. N. Demon, N. A. Halim, I. S. Mohamad, H. Bahruji, N. Abdullah



The π-conjugated polymers and their derivatives have attracted significant attention in recent decades for research and development as chemical sensor. This is because of their wide range of potential applications especially as an active layer in various electronic devices. The organic structure of these polymers had confer the electronic and material properties and facilitate their processibility. This includes several promising of conjugated polymers such as polyacetylene, polyaniline, polypyrole, polythiophene (PTh) and etc.  Above all, the conjugated polythiophene and its derivatives stand out as one of the promising members of the conjugated polymer family. Due to their unique in electrical characteristics, excellent environmental and thermal stability, low-cost synthesis, and mechanical strength, various procedures have been invoked in order to increase the usability of polythiophene. This includes side chain functionalization of the different derivatives and copolymers, functionalised with carbonaceous materials, and combination of both of these strategies. In this review, focus is on the present conductive polymers, the characteristics and the synthesization of polythiophene and its derivatives, and their applications in chemical sensor are highlighted at the last part.