Noor Azmi Mohd Zainol, Sofian Kamaruddin, Ahmad Azan Ridzuan, Anwar Zamani Jusop
This article aims to examine the challenges encountered by Malaysia enforcement border agencies to protect the sovereignty of Malaysia and its prospects of integration among various agencies at the border. With a wide boundary, the Malaysian security is porous to various threats which not only mean a traditional military threat but also include a multiple threat. Current threats have been broadening to include non-traditional threats such as terrorism and other transnational criminal i.e. illegal immigrants, human trafficking and smuggling of prohibited goods. In order to control such threats, there are several government agencies and legal enforcement which are responsible to protect Malaysian sovereignty such as The Royal Malaysian Police, Royal Malaysian Customs Department, Malaysian Department of Immigration, and Malaysian Border Control Agency and Malaysian Armed Forces as well. These agencies are responsible to manage the Malaysian border at various legal checkpoints such as air, sea and land checkpoints. The Malaysian Armed Forces on the other hand, has been responsible to manage illegal route along the Malaysian border especially in the jungle. All the challenges will discuss further in this article.
Amer Fawwaz Mohamad Yasid, Noraini Zulkafli, Azrul Azlan Abdul Rahman
Malaysia once had faced the insurgency periods which were started by Communist Party of Malaya (CPM) since 1948. However, after they were defeated by the Malayan Security Forces (MSF) in 1960, CPM had once again took the chance to revive their armed struggle by launching a full-scale attack. This marked the beginning of the Second Malaysia Emergency, which lasted for almost 21 years. This research was based on the roles and functions of the Police Special Branch in defeating the communist insurgency. The main primary data of this research was based on open interview while the secondary data were focusing on archival research and academic writings. The findings of this research shown the Police Special Branch have succeeded in eliminating the CPM armed struggled that have been ongoing for 21 years.
Najjah Salwa Abd Razak, Ramli Nik, Mhd Faizal Mhd Ramli, Haslinda Abdullah
Malaysia is one of the countries deployed as peacekeepers in Congo and Somalia. The credibility of Malaysian peacekeepers is undeniable as Malaysia keeps gaining recognition at the international level. However, the successes of Malaysian peacekeepers still need to be explored, particularly the previous deployments as well as the current ones. Thus, this paper focuses on the capability of Malaysian peacekeepers assigned in Congo and Somalia. The researchers explore the challenges and efforts of Malaysian peacekeepers towards accomplishing their tasks. This is a multiple case study comprising a series of interviews and library research for data triangulation and thematic analysis. The findings show that the Malaysian peacekeepers deployed in Congo and Somalia apply diverse ways in order to carry out their tasks effectively with some early exposure from their training in Malaysia. There are numerous differences on how they adapt with their tasks from different countries of deployments. The guidelines pertaining to this study are presented as a dimension of prior deployment that is still relevant to the present deployments.
Dora Nurlaily Azman, Noraini Zulkifli
Rejimen 3 Kor Armor DiRaja (KAD) merupakan unit berperisai yang penting dalam Tentera Darat Malaysia. Misi 3 KAD adalah “Pasukan Tempur Yang Kredibel Dalam Operasi Ofensif dan Defensif. Dalam melaksanakan tugas sebagai anggota tentera, mereka menghadapi pelbagai risiko di mana tahap kecergasan dan motivasi mereka diuji. Kajian ini mempunyai tiga objektif iaitu 1) Mengenalpasti tahap kecerdasan emosi dan tahap motivasi di kalangan anggota 3 KAD; 2) Menentukan hubungan dimensi kecerdasan emosi dengan motivasi di kalangan anggota 3 KAD; 3) Mengenalpasti perbezaan tahap motivasi berdasarkan demografi (pangkat, status perkahwinan dan tempoh perkhidmatan) di kalangan anggota 3 KAD. Kajian ini menggunakan metod kuantitatif. Data primer dikumpulkan melalui kaedah kaji selidik terhadap anggota Rejimen 3 KAD. Data sekunder pula dikumpul daripada kajian perpustakaan berdasarkan bahan ilmiah, tesis, artikel jurnal, atau data atas talian. Hasil analisis menunjukkan tahap kecerdasan emosi anggota berada di tahap tinggi manakala motivasi mereka berada di tahap sederhana. . Dapatan kajian telah menunjukkan bahawa kecerdasan emosi berdasarkan dimensi intrapersonal tidak mempunyai hubungan dengan motivasi, namun berlaku sebaliknya bagi dimensi interpersonal dalam kalangan anggota 3 KAD. Selain itu, hanya satu faktor demografi yang mempunyai perbezaan tahap motivasi secara signifikan iaitu berdasarkan pangkat. Namun kajian mendapati tidak terdapat perbezaan tahap motivasi berdasarkan status perkahwinan dan tempoh perkhidmatan.
Azrul Azlan Abdul Rahman, Noraini Zulkifli, Amer Fawwaz Mohd Yasid
Quwwah dalam teks Al-Quran yang disalah ertikan sebagai keganasan akibat daripada kurangnya pemahaman ke atas umat Islam untuk melakukan persediaan bagi tujuan pertahanan. Jesteru kajian ini melihat penafsiran quwwah menurut pentafsir klasik dan moden. Dengan menggunakan kaedah kualitatif, kajian ini mendapati bahawa ketiadaan sebarang tafsiran oleh para pentafsir klasik dan moden, yang menyeru "penyalahgunaan" quwwah dengan cara yang membahayakan orang lain.
Quwwah in the Qur'anic text is misinterpreted as violence due to lack of understanding of Muslims to prepare for defense purposes. This study looks at the interpretation of quwwah according to classic and modern interpreters. Using qualitative methods, the study found that the absence of any interpretation by classical and modern interpreters, called for "abuse" of quwwah in a way that is harmful to others.