ZULFAQAR International Journal of Politics, Defence and Security

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ZULFAQAR International Journal of Politics, Defence & Security (IJPDS) is published in English and Bahasa Malaysia and it is open to authors around the world. It is currently published two times a year, i.e. in June and December.


IJPDS publishes original papers and reviews covering all aspects of politics, defence and security. The editorial objective of the journal is to facilitate knowledge enhancement related to studies in the following fields, but not limited to: Defence & Security, Strategic Management, Policy, Politics, History and other related Social Science. All submissions will be reviewed at least by two reviewers in the field. The Journal is published bi-annually by National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM) Press.